Objective: Students will use water words to calculate answers to mathematical
Materials: paper and pencils
Background: The sun is the source of energy that drives our weather. When this
energy reaches the earth, it warms the earth's surfaces. But it warms the surfaces
unevenly, with some areas getting more heat than others. This uneven heating moves
the air (wind) and makes the water cycle work. And with the winds and water comes all
Number the letters of the alphabet from one to twenty-six in order. Example: A-1, Z-26
Give each letter in the word its number value. For example: Front = 6+18+15+14+20.
Assign each student a partner. Working together, have each group answer the following
questions (or other questions that you can think of....):
Which word is worth the most?
Which word is worth the least?
Which two words add up to the most?
Are there two words that have a difference of five?
Are there two words, when added together that have the same sum as two other words?
Make at least one sentence out of the ten words. Total the numbers of each word. Then
add all the totals together. Do you think the total is larger than the number of raindrops in
a large puddle?
fog, clouds, storm, dew point, puddle, humidity, evaporate, front, tornado, thunderstorm,
rain, blizzard, precipitation, showers, moisture, hail, snow, hurricane
Take a trip to the post office and ask about commemorative postage stamps with water
or weather pictures, themes or people who have made a contribution to the world of
water. Have students write a letter to the Postermaster General of the United Stated with
their ideas and designs for a water-related stamp.
Make a thumb print fish by carefully pressing your thumb into ink pads and lifting your
thumb straight up. Place your thumb on construction paper and repeat several times
using a variety of colors and leaving a space between prints. Using markers, draw a tail,
fins, eyes, etc. to create a fish from each thumb print. Use crayons to color an aquarium
Have each student make a weather wheel. Cut a large circle out of stiff cardboard.
Divide it into 8 sections and glue a picture of a weather clue on each section. Cut two
pointers out of stiff cardboard and fasten them to the center of the dial with a big paper
fastener. Each morning take the students on a weather walk and have them describe the
current conditions. When you return to the classroom, have each student try to predict
what the weather will be like for the rest of the day. Have them set their weather wheel
on their prediction. At the end of the day, check to see who accurately predicted the
Activity adapted from Thematic Unit: Water, Montrose Elementary School
SD Standards for 4th grade:
4.R.1.1; 4.R.1.2; 4.R.2.2; 4.R.3.1;
Problem Solving, Communication,
Prior Preparation: Visit the Teaching
Units (Science) - Weather Activites
page and complete the activities. This
will give your students a good
introduction to basic weather
terminology and information.