Objective: Students will learn the relationships between geographical places and the
Materials: War Department weather maps from 1874 (3), weather map clues
worksheet and answers, pencil and paper
Background: Since one way to forecast the weather is simply to assume that one type
of weather will move from one place to another, weather forecasters need to be good at
geography. Weather systems can change as they move, so this method of forecasting
isn't always entirely accurate. But it can give forecasters a pretty good idea of the kinds
of weather changes that are likely.
Dive class into 3 teams. Give each team a map. The three maps are ALL dated April
15, 1874; however, the times on each map are different - 1:00 a.m., 7:35 a.m., and 4:35
The map key on each map is shown in a box on the middle, lower section of the map,
titled, "References". Review the key with the class.
The object of this activity is for each team to determine if the weather clues are shown
on their map. Every clue will not be on all three maps. It will be up to the team to
determine if the clues on their worksheet are shown on their particular map.
Have each team pick a "recorder". This student's job will be to record a "yes" or "no"
answer on the Weather Map Clues worksheet. Starting with Clue Number 1, each team
will need to read the clue, find the answer on their map, then record whether Clue
Number 1 is shown on their map (example: Clue Number 1 says, "It's snowing in
Denver, Colorado". That clue is shown on the 4:35 p.m. map only. Only the team with
that map should write, "Yes" for Clue Number 1 on their record. The other teams should
write, "No" on their worksheet.
Go on line to the National Weather Service: www.nws.noaa.gov.
Go to the Education/Outreach section
Have students go to "Play Time for Kids".
Scroll down to General Weather Info and complete the activities.
Complete activities on the National Weather Service web site listed above.
Complete activities from the Nature Scope "Wild About Weather" book: Say It With
Symbols (page 39), Fishy Forecasts (page 40), First With The Forecast (page 41-42),
and Weather By The Chart (pages 42-43). Reproducible pages for these activities are
on pages 44-48.
Conservation: A careful preservation and protection of a natural resource to prevent
exploitation, destruction or neglect
Gravity: The quality of having weight
Water Pressure: The amount of force it takes to move water along or through a pipe or
Social Studies, Science, Reading
SD Standards for 4th grade:
4.G.1.1; 4.G.1.2; 4.G.1.3
4.R.1.1; 4.R.1.2; 4.R.2.1; 4.R.2.3;
4.R.4.1; 4.R.5.1; 4.R.5.2
Prior Preparation: Review a current
map of the United States. Students will
need to have a good working
knowledge of the location of towns and
states. Allow the class to peruse the
historical maps provided for this
activity. Hold a discussion about
geographic changes that have taken
place between then (1874) and now.
Make 3 copies of the Weather Map
conservation, gravity, water pressure